Joyful, Compassionate Eating Footnotes

See Joyful, Compassionate Eating (PDF)

  1. Cows experiencing grass for the first time – a beautiful video.

  2. Pigs are intelligent. Pigheaded: How Smart are Swine?

  3. Chickens are social and intelligent, see Thinking Like a Chicken and Do chickens get to know their name??

  4. See, for example, Second Nature: The Inner Lives of Animals by Jonathan Balcombe and Bleating Hearts: The Hidden World of Animal Suffering by Mark Hawthorne.

  5. Cows grieve losing their children.

  6. All factory farmed animals experience extremes of pain and suffering.

  7. See Does God Care for Animals?

  8. Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets.

  9. Mayo Clinic Health Letter - The Risks of not going meatless.

  10. See Milton R. Mills, M.D.’s web site The Comparative Anatomy of Eating.

  11. Livestock and Climate Change. A United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization report, [use hyperlink below for “Food and Animal Agriculture report”] used much more conservative analysis and still found that worldwide animal agriculture contributes more to global warming than all forms of transportation combined.

  12. See

  13. For example, contact the Vegetarian Resource Group at or the CVA at

  14. Examples of egg substitutes include the brands Ener-G Egg Replacer, VeganEgg, and The Vegg. Alternatively, you can replace each egg with half a banana.